In my first year of grad school, in the mid 90s, I was surprised to receive a grade of A- for a seminar in which all of my written work had been graded A. I went to see the professor who explained that there was a participation grade and I hadn’t spoken enough. I said that I tried all term to speak and often sat with my hand raised and couldn’t get a word in edgewise. “Getting a word in edgewise is a philosophical skill,” I was told. It’s also connected to gender, something I now know, but didn’t know then. “Calling on people whose hands are raised is also a philosophical skill,” is maybe what I should have said.